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CreateInterface.java

/*
   D-Bus Java Implementation
   Copyright (c) 2005-2006 Matthew Johnson

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   under the terms of either the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2 or the
   Academic Free Licence Version 2.1.

   Full licence texts are included in the COPYING file with this program.
*/
package org.freedesktop.dbus.bin;

import static org.freedesktop.dbus.Gettext._;
import static org.freedesktop.dbus.bin.IdentifierMangler.mangle;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.PrintStream;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.StringReader;
import java.text.MessageFormat;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.TreeSet;
import java.util.Vector;

import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType;
import java.lang.reflect.Type;

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;

import org.freedesktop.DBus.Introspectable;
import org.freedesktop.dbus.DBusConnection;
import org.freedesktop.dbus.Marshalling;
import org.freedesktop.dbus.exceptions.DBusException;
import org.freedesktop.dbus.exceptions.DBusExecutionException;
import org.freedesktop.dbus.types.DBusStructType;

import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

/** 
 * Converts a DBus XML file into Java interface definitions.
 */
00056 public class CreateInterface
{
   @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
   private static String collapseType(Type t, Set<String> imports, Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs, boolean container, boolean fullnames) throws DBusException
   {
      if (t instanceof ParameterizedType) {
         String s;
         Class<? extends Object> c = (Class<? extends Object>) ((ParameterizedType) t).getRawType();
         if (null != structs && t instanceof DBusStructType) {
            int num = 1;
            String name = "Struct";
            while (null != structs.get(new StructStruct(name+num))) num++;
            name = name+num;
            structs.put(new StructStruct(name), ((ParameterizedType) t).getActualTypeArguments());
            return name;
         }
         if (null != imports) imports.add(c.getName());
         if (fullnames) return c.getName();
         else s = c.getSimpleName();
         s += '<';
         Type[] ts = ((ParameterizedType) t).getActualTypeArguments();
         for (Type st: ts)
            s += collapseType(st, imports, structs, true, fullnames)+',';
         s = s.replaceAll(",$", ">");
         return s;
      } else if (t instanceof Class) {
         Class<? extends Object> c = (Class<? extends Object>) t;
         if (c.isArray()) {
            return collapseType(c.getComponentType(), imports, structs, container, fullnames)+"[]";
         } else {
            Package p = c.getPackage();
            if (null != imports && 
                  !"java.lang".equals(p.getName())) imports.add(c.getName());
            if (container) {
               if (fullnames) return c.getName();
               else return c.getSimpleName();
            } else {
               try {
                  Field f = c.getField("TYPE");
                  Class<? extends Object> d = (Class<? extends Object>) f.get(c);
                  return d.getSimpleName();
               } catch (Exception e) {
                  return c.getSimpleName();
               }
            }
         }
      } else return "";
   }
   private static String getJavaType(String dbus, Set<String> imports, Map<StructStruct,Type[]> structs, boolean container, boolean fullnames) throws DBusException
   {
      if (null == dbus || "".equals(dbus)) return "";
      Vector<Type> v = new Vector<Type>();
      int c = Marshalling.getJavaType(dbus, v, 1);
      Type t = v.get(0);
      return collapseType(t, imports, structs, container, fullnames);
   }
   public String comment = "";
   boolean builtin;

   public CreateInterface(PrintStreamFactory factory, boolean builtin)
   {
      this.factory = factory;
      this.builtin = builtin;
   }
   @SuppressWarnings("fallthrough")
   String parseReturns(Vector<Element> out, Set<String> imports, Map<String,Integer> tuples, Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs) throws DBusException
   {
      String[] names = new String[] { "Pair", "Triplet", "Quad", "Quintuple", "Sextuple", "Septuple" };
      String sig = "";
      String name = null;
      switch (out.size()) {
         case 0:
            sig += "void ";
            break;
         case 1:
            sig += getJavaType(out.get(0).getAttribute("type"), imports, structs, false, false)+" ";
            break;
         case 2:
         case 3:
         case 4:
         case 5:
         case 6:
         case 7:
            name = names[out.size() - 2];
         default:
            if (null == name) 
               name = "NTuple"+out.size();

            tuples.put(name, out.size());
            sig += name + "<";
            for (Element arg: out)
               sig += getJavaType(arg.getAttribute("type"), imports, structs, true, false)+", ";
            sig = sig.replaceAll(", $","> ");
            break;
      }
      return sig;
   }
   String parseMethod(Element meth, Set<String> imports, Map<String,Integer> tuples, Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs, Set<String> exceptions, Set<String> anns) throws DBusException
   {
      Vector<Element> in = new Vector<Element>();
      Vector<Element> out = new Vector<Element>();
      if (null == meth.getAttribute("name") ||
            "".equals(meth.getAttribute("name"))) {
         System.err.println(_("ERROR: Method name was blank, failed"));
         System.exit(1);
      }
      String annotations = "";
      String throwses = null;

      for (Node a: new IterableNodeList(meth.getChildNodes())) {

         if (Node.ELEMENT_NODE != a.getNodeType()) continue;

         checkNode(a, "arg", "annotation");

         if ("arg".equals(a.getNodeName())) {
            Element arg = (Element) a;

            // methods default to in
            if ("out".equals(arg.getAttribute("direction")))
               out.add(arg);
            else
               in.add(arg);
         }
         else if ("annotation".equals(a.getNodeName())) {
            Element e = (Element) a;
            if (e.getAttribute("name").equals("org.freedesktop.DBus.Method.Error")) {
               if (null == throwses)
                  throwses = e.getAttribute("value");
               else
                  throwses += ", " + e.getAttribute("value");
               exceptions.add(e.getAttribute("value"));
            } else
               annotations += parseAnnotation(e, imports, anns);
         }
      }

      String sig = "";
      comment = "";
      sig += parseReturns(out, imports, tuples, structs);

      sig += mangle(meth.getAttribute("name"))+"(";

      char defaultname = 'a';
      String params = "";
      for (Element arg: in) {
         String type = getJavaType(arg.getAttribute("type"), imports, structs, false, false);
         String name = arg.getAttribute("name");
         if (null == name || "".equals(name)) name = ""+(defaultname++);
         params += type+" "+mangle(name)+", ";         
      }
      return ("".equals(comment) ? "" : "   /**\n" + comment + "   */\n")
         + annotations + "  public " + sig + 
         params.replaceAll("..$", "")+")"+
         (null == throwses? "": " throws "+throwses)+";";
   }
   String parseSignal(Element signal, Set<String> imports, Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs, Set<String> anns) throws DBusException
   {
      Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
      Vector<String> porder = new Vector<String>();
      char defaultname = 'a';
      imports.add("org.freedesktop.dbus.DBusSignal");
      imports.add("org.freedesktop.dbus.exceptions.DBusException");
      String annotations = "";
      for (Node a: new IterableNodeList(signal.getChildNodes())) {

         if (Node.ELEMENT_NODE != a.getNodeType()) continue;

         checkNode(a, "arg", "annotation");

         if ("annotation".equals(a.getNodeName()))
            annotations += parseAnnotation((Element) a, imports, anns);
         else {
            Element arg = (Element) a;
            String type = getJavaType(arg.getAttribute("type"), imports, structs, false, false);
            String name = arg.getAttribute("name");
            if (null == name || "".equals(name)) name = ""+(defaultname++);
            params.put(mangle(name), type);
            porder.add(mangle(name));
         }
      }

      String out = "";
      out += annotations;
      out += "   public static class "+signal.getAttribute("name");
      out += " extends DBusSignal\n   {\n";
      for (String name: porder)
         out += "      public final "+params.get(name)+" "+name+";\n";
      out += "      public "+signal.getAttribute("name")+"(String path";
      for (String name: porder)
         out += ", "+params.get(name)+" "+name;
      out += ") throws DBusException\n      {\n         super(path";
      for (String name: porder)
         out += ", "+name;
      out += ");\n";
      for (String name: porder)
         out += "         this."+name+" = "+name+";\n";
      out += "      }\n";

      out += "   }\n";
      return out;
   }

   String parseAnnotation(Element ann, Set<String> imports, Set<String> annotations)
   {
      String s = "  @"+ann.getAttribute("name").replaceAll(".*\\.([^.]*)$","$1")+"(";
      if (null != ann.getAttribute("value")
            && !"".equals(ann.getAttribute("value")))
         s += '"'+ann.getAttribute("value")+'"';
      imports.add(ann.getAttribute("name"));
      annotations.add(ann.getAttribute("name"));
      return s += ")\n";
   }

   void parseInterface(Element iface, PrintStream out, Map<String,Integer> tuples, Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs, Set<String> exceptions, Set<String> anns) throws DBusException
   {
      if (null == iface.getAttribute("name") ||
            "".equals(iface.getAttribute("name"))) {
         System.err.println(_("ERROR: Interface name was blank, failed"));
         System.exit(1);
      }

      out.println("package "+iface.getAttribute("name").replaceAll("\\.[^.]*$","")+";");

      String methods = "";
      String signals = "";
      String annotations = "";
      Set<String> imports = new TreeSet<String>();
      imports.add("org.freedesktop.dbus.DBusInterface");
      for (Node meth: new IterableNodeList(iface.getChildNodes())) {

         if (Node.ELEMENT_NODE != meth.getNodeType()) continue;

         checkNode(meth, "method", "signal", "property", "annotation");

         if ("method".equals(meth.getNodeName()))
            methods += parseMethod((Element) meth, imports, tuples, structs, exceptions, anns) + "\n";
         else if ("signal".equals(meth.getNodeName()))
            signals += parseSignal((Element) meth, imports, structs, anns);
         else if ("property".equals(meth.getNodeName()))
            System.err.println("WARNING: Ignoring property");
         else if ("annotation".equals(meth.getNodeName()))
            annotations += parseAnnotation((Element) meth, imports, anns);
      }

      if (imports.size() > 0) 
         for (String i: imports)
            out.println("import "+i+";");

      out.print(annotations);
      out.print("public interface "+iface.getAttribute("name").replaceAll("^.*\\.([^.]*)$","$1"));
      out.println(" extends DBusInterface");
      out.println("{");
      out.println(signals);
      out.println(methods);
      out.println("}");
   }
   void createException(String name, String pack, PrintStream out) throws DBusException
   {
      out.println("package "+pack+";");
      out.println("import org.freedesktop.dbus.DBusExecutionException;");
      out.print("public class "+name);
      out.println(" extends DBusExecutionException");
      out.println("{");
      out.println("   public "+name+"(String message)");
      out.println("   {");
      out.println("      super(message);");
      out.println("   }");
      out.println("}");
   }
   void createAnnotation(String name, String pack, PrintStream out) throws DBusException
   {
      out.println("package "+pack+";");
      out.println("import java.lang.annotation.Retention;");
      out.println("import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;");
      out.println("@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)");
      out.println("public @interface "+name);
      out.println("{");
      out.println("   String value();");
      out.println("}");
   }
   void createStruct(String name, Type[] type, String pack, PrintStream out, Map<StructStruct, Type[]> existing) throws DBusException, IOException
   {
      out.println("package "+pack+";");

      Set<String> imports = new TreeSet<String>();
      imports.add("org.freedesktop.dbus.Position");
      imports.add("org.freedesktop.dbus.Struct");
      Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs = new HashMap<StructStruct, Type[]>(existing);
      String[] types = new String[type.length];
      for (int i = 0; i < type.length; i++)
         types[i] = collapseType(type[i], imports, structs, false, false);

      for (String im: imports) out.println("import "+im+";");
      
      out.println("public final class "+name+" extends Struct");
      out.println("{");
      int i = 0;
      char c = 'a';
      String params = "";
      for (String t: types) {
         out.println("   @Position("+i++ +")");
         out.println("   public final "+t+" "+c+";");
         params += t+" "+c+", ";
         c++;
      }
      out.println("  public "+name+"("+params.replaceAll("..$", "")+")");
      out.println("  {");
      for (char d = 'a'; d < c; d++)
         out.println("   this."+d+" = "+d+";");
         
      out.println("  }");
      out.println("}");
      
      structs = StructStruct.fillPackages(structs, pack);
      Map<StructStruct, Type[]> tocreate = new HashMap<StructStruct, Type[]>(structs);
      for (StructStruct ss: existing.keySet()) tocreate.remove(ss);
      createStructs(tocreate, structs);
   }
   void createTuple(String name, int num, String pack, PrintStream out) throws DBusException
   {
      out.println("package "+pack+";");
      out.println("import org.freedesktop.dbus.Position;");
      out.println("import org.freedesktop.dbus.Tuple;");
      out.println("/** Just a typed container class */");
      out.print("public final class "+name);
      String types = " <";
      for (char v = 'A'; v < 'A'+num; v++) 
         types += v + ",";
      out.print(types.replaceAll(",$","> "));
      out.println("extends Tuple");
      out.println("{");

      char t = 'A';
      char n = 'a';
      for (int i = 0; i < num; i++,t++,n++) {
         out.println("   @Position("+i+")");
         out.println("   public final "+t+" "+n+";");
      }

      out.print("   public "+name+"(");
      String sig = "";
      t = 'A';
      n = 'a';
      for (int i = 0; i < num; i++,t++,n++)
         sig += t+" "+n+", ";
      out.println(sig.replaceAll(", $", ")"));
      out.println("   {");
      for (char v = 'a'; v < 'a'+num; v++) 
         out.println("      this."+v+" = "+v+";");
      out.println("   }");

      out.println("}");
   }
   void parseRoot(Element root) throws DBusException, IOException
   {
      Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs = new HashMap<StructStruct, Type[]>();
      Set<String> exceptions = new TreeSet<String>();
      Set<String> annotations = new TreeSet<String>();

      for (Node iface: new IterableNodeList(root.getChildNodes())) {

         if (Node.ELEMENT_NODE != iface.getNodeType()) continue;

         checkNode(iface, "interface", "node");

         if ("interface".equals(iface.getNodeName())) {

            Map<String, Integer> tuples = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
            String name = ((Element) iface).getAttribute("name");
            String file = name.replaceAll("\\.","/")+".java";
            String path = file.replaceAll("/[^/]*$", "");
            String pack = name.replaceAll("\\.[^.]*$","");

            // don't create interfaces in org.freedesktop.DBus by default
            if (pack.startsWith("org.freedesktop.DBus") && !builtin) continue;

            factory.init(file, path);
            parseInterface((Element) iface, 
                  factory.createPrintStream(file), tuples, structs, exceptions, annotations);

            structs = StructStruct.fillPackages(structs, pack);
            createTuples(tuples, pack);
         }
         else if ("node".equals(iface.getNodeName())) 
            parseRoot((Element) iface);
         else {
            System.err.println(_("ERROR: Unknown node: ")+iface.getNodeName());
            System.exit(1);
         }
      }

      createStructs(structs, structs);
      createExceptions(exceptions);
      createAnnotations(annotations);
   }
   private void createAnnotations(Set<String> annotations) throws DBusException, IOException
   {
      for (String fqn: annotations) {
         String name = fqn.replaceAll("^.*\\.([^.]*)$", "$1");
         String pack = fqn.replaceAll("\\.[^.]*$","");
         // don't create things in org.freedesktop.DBus by default
         if (pack.startsWith("org.freedesktop.DBus") && !builtin)
            continue;
         String path = pack.replaceAll("\\.", "/");
         String file = name.replaceAll("\\.","/")+".java";
         factory.init(file, path);
         createAnnotation(name, pack,
               factory.createPrintStream(path, name));
      }
   }
   private void createExceptions(Set<String> exceptions) throws DBusException, IOException
   {
      for (String fqn: exceptions) {
         String name = fqn.replaceAll("^.*\\.([^.]*)$", "$1");
         String pack = fqn.replaceAll("\\.[^.]*$","");
         // don't create things in org.freedesktop.DBus by default
         if (pack.startsWith("org.freedesktop.DBus") && !builtin)
            continue;
         String path = pack.replaceAll("\\.", "/");
         String file = name.replaceAll("\\.","/")+".java";
         factory.init(file, path);
         createException(name, pack,
               factory.createPrintStream(path, name));
      }
   }
   private void createStructs(Map<StructStruct, Type[]> structs, Map<StructStruct, Type[]> existing) throws DBusException, IOException
   {
      for (StructStruct ss: structs.keySet())  {
         String file = ss.name.replaceAll("\\.","/")+".java";
         String path = ss.pack.replaceAll("\\.", "/");
         factory.init(file, path);
         createStruct(ss.name, structs.get(ss), ss.pack,
               factory.createPrintStream(path, ss.name), existing);
      }
   }

   private void createTuples(Map<String, Integer> typeMap, String pack) throws DBusException, IOException
   {
      for (String tname: typeMap.keySet()) 
         createTuple(tname, typeMap.get(tname), pack,
               factory.createPrintStream(pack.replaceAll("\\.","/"), tname));
   }

   public static abstract class PrintStreamFactory
   {

      public abstract void init(String file, String path);

      /**
       * @param path
       * @param tname
       * @return PrintStream
       * @throws IOException
       */
      public PrintStream createPrintStream(String path, String tname) throws IOException
      {
         final String file = path+"/"+tname+".java";
         return createPrintStream(file);
      }

      /**
       * @param file
       * @return PrintStream
       * @throws IOException
       */
      public abstract PrintStream createPrintStream(final String file) throws IOException;

   }
   static class ConsoleStreamFactory extends PrintStreamFactory
   {

      @Override
         public
         void init(String file, String path)
         {
         }

      @Override
         public
         PrintStream createPrintStream(String file) throws IOException
         {
            System.out.println("/* File: "+file+" */");
            return System.out;
         }

      public PrintStream createPrintStream(String path, String tname) throws IOException
      {
         return super.createPrintStream(path, tname);
      }

   }

   static class FileStreamFactory extends PrintStreamFactory
   {
      public void init(String file, String path)
      {
         new File(path).mkdirs();
      }


      /**
       * @param file
       * @return
       * @throws IOException
       */
      public PrintStream createPrintStream(final String file) throws IOException
      {
         return new PrintStream(new FileOutputStream(file));
      }

   }

   static void checkNode(Node n, String... names) 
   {
      String expected = "";
      for (String name: names) {
         if (name.equals(n.getNodeName())) return;
         expected += name + " or ";
      }
      System.err.println(MessageFormat.format(_("ERROR: Expected {0}, got {1}, failed."), new Object[] { expected.replaceAll("....$", ""), n.getNodeName() }));
      System.exit(1);
   }

   private final PrintStreamFactory factory;

   static class Config
   {
      int bus = DBusConnection.SESSION;
      String busname = null;
      String object = null;
      File datafile = null;
      boolean printtree = false;
      boolean fileout = false;
      boolean builtin = false;
   }

   static void printSyntax()
   {
      printSyntax(System.err);
   }
   static void printSyntax(PrintStream o)
   {
      o.println("Syntax: CreateInterface <options> [file | busname object]");
      o.println("        Options: --no-ignore-builtin --system -y --session -s --create-files -f --help -h --version -v");
   }
   public static void version()
   {
      System.out.println("Java D-Bus Version "+System.getProperty("Version"));
      System.exit(1);
   }

   static Config parseParams(String[] args)
   {
      Config config = new Config();
      for (String p: args) {
         if ("--system".equals(p) || "-y".equals(p)) 
            config.bus = DBusConnection.SYSTEM;
         else if ("--session".equals(p) || "-s".equals(p)) 
            config.bus = DBusConnection.SESSION;
         else if ("--no-ignore-builtin".equals(p)) 
            config.builtin = true;
         else if ("--create-files".equals(p) || "-f".equals(p)) 
            config.fileout = true;
         else if ("--print-tree".equals(p) || "-p".equals(p)) 
            config.printtree = true;
         else if ("--help".equals(p) || "-h".equals(p)) {
            printSyntax(System.out);
            System.exit(0);
         } else if ("--version".equals(p) || "-v".equals(p)) {
            version();
            System.exit(0);
         } else if (p.startsWith("-")) {
            System.err.println(_("ERROR: Unknown option: ")+p);
            printSyntax();
            System.exit(1);
         }
         else {
            if (null == config.busname) config.busname = p;
            else if (null == config.object) config.object = p;
            else {
               printSyntax();
               System.exit(1);
            }
         }
      }
      if (null == config.busname) {
         printSyntax();
         System.exit(1);
      }
      else if (null == config.object) {
         config.datafile = new File(config.busname);
         config.busname = null;
      }
      return config;
   }

   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception
   {
      Config config = parseParams(args);

      Reader introspectdata = null;

      if (null != config.busname) try {
         DBusConnection conn = DBusConnection.getConnection(config.bus);
         Introspectable in = conn.getRemoteObject(config.busname, config.object, Introspectable.class);
         String id = in.Introspect();
         if (null == id) {
            System.err.println(_("ERROR: Failed to get introspection data"));
            System.exit(1);
         }
         introspectdata = new StringReader(id);
         conn.disconnect();
      } catch (DBusException DBe) {
         System.err.println(_("ERROR: Failure in DBus Communications: ")+DBe.getMessage());
         System.exit(1);
      } catch (DBusExecutionException DEe) {
         System.err.println(_("ERROR: Failure in DBus Communications: ")+DEe.getMessage());
         System.exit(1);

      } else if (null != config.datafile) try {
         introspectdata = new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream(config.datafile));
      } catch (FileNotFoundException FNFe) {
         System.err.println(_("ERROR: Could not find introspection file: ")+FNFe.getMessage());
         System.exit(1);
      }
      try {
         PrintStreamFactory factory = config.fileout  ? new FileStreamFactory() : new ConsoleStreamFactory();
         CreateInterface createInterface = new CreateInterface(factory, config.builtin);
         createInterface.createInterface(introspectdata);
      } catch (DBusException DBe) {
         System.err.println("ERROR: "+DBe.getMessage());
         System.exit(1);
      }
   }
   /** Output the interface for the supplied xml reader
    * @param introspectdata The introspect data reader
    * @throws ParserConfigurationException If the xml parser could not be configured
    * @throws SAXException If a problem occurs reading the xml data
    * @throws IOException If an IO error occurs
    * @throws DBusException If the dbus related error occurs
    */
00698    public void createInterface(Reader introspectdata) throws ParserConfigurationException, SAXException, IOException, DBusException
   {
      DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
      DocumentBuilder builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
      Document document = builder.parse(new InputSource(introspectdata));

      Element root = document.getDocumentElement();
      checkNode(root, "node");
      parseRoot(root);

   }
}



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